Types of Articles

Original Research Papers  (max. 15 printed pages, approx. 22-24 standard MSWord pages): to report results of original research not previously published or submitted in peer-reviewed scientific journal.  The manuscript should contain detailed sections in the following order:  Title page, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion (or combined Results and Discussion), Acknowledgements, References, and Tables and Figures including Figure captions on a separate page.

Review Articles (max 20 printed pages):  The journal can publish invited review articles by prominent scientists, requested by the chief editor and the editorial board.  Topics are to be carefully selected and for the purpose of advancing the research and development in all aspects of desert studies.

Short Communications (max. 6 printed pages): are reports of experiments limited to testing original hypothesis. They must contain title, introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, and references, but not in separate sections.

Technical Notes (max. 6 printed pages): is a concise but complete description of limited investigation of technical aspects. Manuscript should be completely documented, containing Title, short Abstract, References, Tables, Figures, but not in separate sections.

Special Issues

IJDS can publish in separate issues adjunct to a volume, or an entire volume as the case might be, a special issue reporting proceedings of conferences held by The Center of Desert Studies or University of Anbar. These are published in the official language of the conference, Arabic or English.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts must be written in Arabic and English throughout, should be typed as a MS Word document, double-line spacing. The automatic page numbering function should be used to number the pages in the center bottom. Unless otherwise indicated, manuscripts should be type-written using Times New Roman font, size 12 normal throughout the manuscript. Page setup should be A4 paper with margins (top and bottom 1̎, right and left 1.25̎). Abbreviations should be kept to minimum. They must be defined at first use. They should not be used to begin a sentence. Author defined abbreviations are not to be used in tables and figures unless defined in the table heading or as footnote or in the figure caption.

SI units should be used throughout and should be used in a standard manner throughout the manuscript.

1. The Manuscript, should be arranged in the order of Title, Authors' names with affiliations and complete addresses and e-mail, Arabic and English abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion (separate or combined), conclusions, acknowledgements (optional), references.

2. Title Page, includes, across the top of the page, a running title that should be as brief as possible but informative and descriptive. This should be followed in order but on separate lines, by the article’s title, Authors’ names, complete affiliations of authors and their e-mail addresses. The corresponding author should be identified. 

3. The main title, Times New Roman fontshould be used throughout with the main title in capital letters size 16 bold, authors' names, addresses and e-mail in size 10 bold.

4. Abstract,  both English (not exceeding 350 words) and Arabic (not exceeding 300 words) should state, a summary of the pertinent results with statistical evidence (p values) in a brief but understandable form, beginning with a statement of the objectives and ending with conclusions.

5. Keywords, should beincluded at the end of the abstract (4-6 keywords or phrases) for indexing purposes, and should be typed in lowercase letters and separated by commas. Do not include words already in the title.

6.  Introduction, should be contain a brief justification for conducting the research and the objectives.

7. Materials and Methods, must contain a clear description of the experimental protocol, and a description or specific original reference for all analytical, biological and statistical procedures, and explanation of modifications.  Appropriate statistical methods should be used.

8. Results and Discussion, separate or combined, Results are presented in the form of tables or figures when feasible. The text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but numbers should not be repeated within the text. Sufficient data and some index of variation, e.g. SD or SE, and including significance level, p values, should be presented to allow readers to interpret the results.  Discussion contains the authors’ interpretations of the results of the study. The presentation should be clear and concise, address biological mechanisms and their significance and integrate the research findings with the body of previously published literature. A stand-alone discussion should not refer to any tables or figures.

9. Headings and Subheadings, should be typed on separate lines without indentation. Three classes of headings and subheadings are used within the text of the manuscript:

Major headings: use size 14 bold that are centered and uppercase such as MATERIALS AND METHODS.

All subheadings are left aliened             

First subheadings: use size 12 bold and the first letter of words are capitalized.

Second subheadings: use 10 bold and the first letter of the first word is capitalized.

10.  Tables, should be numbered according to their sequence and self-explanatory with a brief title. Any explanation essential to understand the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table. Abbreviations used in the table should be spelled out in the footnotes and being consistent with those used in the text. Superscript letters should be used for statistical analyses within the body of the table, or p values should be indicated.

11. Figures, Charts, Diagrams, Photographs and Mapsshould be referred to as "Figures", identified and serially numbered in the lower front side according to their sequence in the text. Data points should be identified with symbols. When the legend is a part of the figure, it should appear outside the figure itself. Figures should not duplicate data in tables.

Text, tables and figures should be submitted in separate files.

12. Acknowledgements, should be simply phrased and made to people or entities that have assisted technically and/or financially in the formulation, planning and execution of the research endeavor and preparation of the manuscript.

13. References, should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript for all publication scited in the text. List of references should be arranged in an alphabetical order and chronological within an alphabet. All references should be written in English, until if it was published in Arabic language and add phrase (In Arabic) after there.

The following are example reference citations:

Journal articles

Khan, N. M., V.V. Rastoskuev, Y. Sato and S. Shiozawam.  2005. Assessment of hydro saline land degradation by using a simple approach of remote sensing indicators. Agric. Water Manag. 77: 96-109.


Evans, L.T., I.F. Wardlaw and R.A. Fischer. 1999. In "Crop Physiology: Some Case Histories". (Evans L.T., ed.). Cambridge University Press, London, p. 101-151.

Snedecor, R. L. and G. Mickel. 1996. In "Introduction to Quantitative Genetics ". 2nd edition, Longman, New York, 339 pp.

Conference proceedings

Van der Werf, J.H.J. (1990). A note on the use of conditional models to estimate additive genetic variance in selected populations. Proceedings 4' World Congress of Genetic Applied Livestock Production, Edinburgh, Scotland, p. 476-479.

Note: References concerning unpublished data, Web-sites publications  and "personal communication" should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

Authors bear the sole responsibility for the correctness and completeness of the references in the text and the reference list.

Manuscript Submission

Papers that do not follow the form and style of the Journal will be returned to the corresponding author for revision. The IJDS editors bear neither obligation nor responsibility of correcting the language and style of submitted articles. Manuscripts that are not consistent with the style and form of IJDS will be rejected. Authors should submit their manuscripts online.

Note: Manuscripts sent to authors for revision should be returned by e-mail within 2 weeks. The contact information of all authors must be provided.

Acceptance of the manuscript will be communicated to the Corresponding Author by e-mail.

As soon as the galley proof will be released, it must be corrected and returned within 3 days.

Submission of a manuscript (Journal article or Special Issue manuscript) implies that it has not been published before except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis). Also, it should be not being considered for publication anywhere else in any language; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors. All rights are reserved; accepted articles become the copyright of IJDS.

Charges information

The journal charge 30,000 ID or 25 US $ for submission and processing of the manuscripts.

The fee of publication processing of accepted manuscripts is 125.000 ID or 100 US $. 

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