ENVIRONMENTAL PROPERTIES AND ANALYSIS OF THE EUPHRATES RIVER WITHIN ANBAR GOVERNORATE IN IRAQ: A REVIEW
IRAQI JOURNAL OF DESERT STUDIES,
2021, Volume 11, Issue 2, Pages 150-163
AbstractEuphrates River is the primary source of water in Anbar province. It provides the cities that passed with drinking, agricultural and industrial water, in addition to being the downstream of sewage and wastewater after treatment. Anbar province, and consequently the water of the Euphrates River, has been affected by climate and environmental changes resulting from the military operations, which have become an obsession for citizens and decision-makers in the province. This obsession became the motivation for conducting the necessary physical, chemical and biological measurements to identify the environmental characteristics of the Euphrates river due to the presence of many sources of pollution of rivers water and for the purpose of making sure that it is suitable for human uses, since its effects will be serious and direct on humans and the environment. The review article includes a comprehensive study of water quality in Anbar province, as well as a review of previous researches in this field to know and to improve the future of water in the province. As the specialists unanimously agreed that, the future crisis in the region is a water crisis. Also, the review included an analysis of physical, chemical, and biological measurements, and a comparison of results with Iraqi and international standard limits was made. Data were organized and the results were analyzed. Results were of importance, and important environmental recommendations were reached regarding Euphrates river within its flow stream and the time effect on it.
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