Effect of Seeding Depth and Abscisic Acid on Barley Hordeum vulgare L. Germination, Growth and Seed Yield
IRAQI JOURNAL OF DESERT STUDIES,
2022, Volume 12, Issue 2, Pages 79-90
AbstractThe field experiment was conducted at field crops research station, college of agriculture/ Tikrit University. The factors of study were seeding depth and abscisic acid. The first factor was seeding depth at 3, 6, and 9 cm. The second was abscisic acid concentrations of 0, 150, 250 and 300 mg L-1. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was used. The results showed that a seeding depth of 3 cm recorded the highest means of germination, number of days to seed filling, plant height, number of spikes per m2, number of seeds per spike, spike length, 1000 seed weight and seed yield. The means were 91%, 6.31, 85.87 cm, 385.2, 27.38, 13.25 cm, 52.99g and 5.59 ton ha-1. However, the longest coleoptile of 9.21 cm was observed at 9 cm seeding depth. In addition, 300 mg L-1 gave the highest number of days to seed filling, spike length, 1000 seed weight and yield, and means were 41.98 day, 13.96 cm, 50.95 g and 4.20 ton ha-1. Our data revealed that the Interaction between 3 cm and 300 mg L-1 showed the highest means of the number of days to seed filling, spike length, 1000 seed weight and seed yield, and means were 44.58 day, 16.31 cm, 54.17 g and 5.74 t ha-1.
Aikins, S. H. M., Afuakwa, J. J., and Baidoo, D. (2006). Effect of planting depth on maize stand establishment. Journal of the Ghana Institution of Engineers, 4(2), 20-25.
Alam, M.S., Sultana, M.S., Hossain, M. B., Salahin, M., & Roy, U. K. (2014). Effect of sowing depth on the yield of spring wheat. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 7(1),.277-280.
Anderson, W. K., & Garlinge, J. R. (2000). The wheat Book–principles and practice. Agriculture western Australia a bulletin. 4443.
Bano, A., Ullah, F., & Nosheen, A. (2012). Role of abscisic acid and drought stress on the activities of antioxidant enzymes in wheat. Plant, Soil and Environment, 58(4), 181-185.
Bazzaz, M. M., Hossain, A., Timsina, J., Silva, J. A. T., & Nuruzzaman, M. (2018). Growth, yield attributes and yield of irrigated spring wheat as influenced by sowing depth. Open Agriculture, 3(1), 72-83.
Bulman, P., & Hunt, L. A. (1988). Relationships among tillering, spike number and grain yield in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in ontario. Canadian Journal Plant Science, 68, 583-596.
Finkelstein, R. R., Gampala, S. S., & Rock, C. D. (2002). Abscisic acid signaling in seeds and seedlings. Plant Cell, 14 (Suppl), 15-45.
Hadjichristodoulou, A., Della, A., & Photiades, J. (1977). Effect of sowing depth on plant establishment, tillering capacity and other agronomic characters of cereals. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 89(1), 161-167.
Hucl, P., & Baker, R. J. (1990). Effect of sowing depth and temperature on tillering characteristics of four wheat caltivars. Canadian Journal Plant Science, 70, 409-417.
Irfan Ullah, M., Mahpara, S., Bibi, R., Rahmat Ullah, S., Rehmat Ullah, S., Abbas, M., Ihsan Ullah, A.M., Hassan, A.M., El-Shehawi, A. M., Brestic, M., Zivcak, M., & Khan, M. I. (2021). Grain yield and correlated traits of bread wheat lines: Implications for yield improvement. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 28(10), 5714-5719.
Kirbey, E. J. M. (1993). Effect of sowing depth on ssedling emergence, growth and development in barley and wheat. Field crops research, 35, 101- 111.
Kumari A., Kaur, R., & Kaur, R. (2018). An insight into drought stress and signal transduction of abscisic acid. Plant Science, 5(2),72-80.
Mahdi, L., Bell, C. J., & Ryan, J. (1998). Establishment and yield of wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) after early sowing at various depths in a semi-arid mediterranean environment. Field Crops Research, 58(3), 187-196.
Mo, Y., Li, G., & Wang, D. (2017). A sowing method for subsurface drip irrigation that increases the emergence rate, yield, and water use efficiency in spring corn. Agricultural Water Management, 179, 288-295.
Mohammadi, H., Ahmadi, A., Yang, J. C.., Moradi, F., Wang, Z., Abbasi, A., & Poustini, K. (2013). Effects of nitrogen and ABA application on basal and distal kernel weight of wheat. Journal of Agricultural Science & Technology, 15, 889-900.
Mohan, A., Schillinger, W. F., & Gill, K. S. (2013). Wheat seedling emergence from deep planting depths and its relationship with coleoptile length. PLoS One, 8(9).
Nayyar, H., & Walia, D. P. (2004). Genotypic variation in wheat in response to water stress and abscisic acid‐induced accumulation of osmolytes in developing grains. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 190(1), 39-45.
Photiades, I., & Hadjichistodoulou, A. (1984). Sowing data, sowing depth, seed rate and row spacing of Wheat and Barley under dry conditions. Field Crop Research, 9, 151 – 162.
Ramya, S., Arulbalachandran, D., & Ramachandran, M. (2022). Influence of exogenous abscisic acid on morpho-physiological and yield of maize (Zea mays L.) under drought stress. Plant Science Today, 9(2), 288–300.
Rebetzke, G.J., Richards, R. A., Fettell, N. A., Long, M, Condon, A. G., Forrester, R. I., & Botwright, T. L. (2007). Genotypic increases in coleoptile length improves stand establishment, vigour and grain yield of deep-sown wheat. Field Crops Research, 100(1), 10-23.
Sandhi, M. A., (2007). Effect of depth of sowing on the yield of wheat. Department of Agronomy, Sher-e-Bangla Agriculture University.
Skowronand, E., & Trojak, M. (2020). Effect of exogenously-applied abscisic acid, putrescine and hydrogen peroxide on drought tolerance of barley. Biologia, 76, 453–468
Travaglia, C., Balboa, Esposito, G., & Reinoso, H. (2012). ABA action on the production and redistribution of field-grown maize carbohydrates in semiarid regions. Plant Growth Regulaters, 67: 27–34.
Travaglia, C., Reinoso, H., Cohen, A., Luna, C., Tommasino, E., Castillo, C., & Bottini, R. (2010). Exogenous ABA increases yield in field-grown wheat with moderate water restriction. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 29(3), 366-374.
Travaglia, C., Cohen, A. C., Reinoso, H., Castillo, C., & Bottini, R. (2007). Exogenous abscisic acid increases carbohydrate accumulation and redistribution to the grains in wheat grown under field conditions of soil water restriction. Journal of Plant Growth Regulaters, (26), 285–289
Yagmur, M., & Kaydan, D. (2009). The effects of different sowing depth on grain yield and some grain yield components in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars under dryland conditions. African Journal of Biotechnology, 8(2).
Yang, D., Luo, Y., Ni, Y., Yin, Y., Yang, W., Peng, D., Cui, Z., & Wang, Z. (2014). Effects of exogenous ABA application on post-anthesis dry matter redistribution and grain starch accumulation of winter wheat with different staygreen characteristics. The Crop Journal, 2(2-3), 144-153.
Yang, W., T., Cai, T., Li, Y., Guo, J., Peng, D., Yang, D., Yin, Y., & Wang, Z. (2013). Effects of exogenous abscisic acid and gibberellic acid onfilling process and nitrogen metabolism characteristics in wheat grains. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 7(1), 58-65.
Yue-Xia, W., Biao, S., Peng-Fei1, Z., Xiao-Fei1, Q., Li-Gang, Y., Xue-Juan1, Z., & Hui-Jie, Z. (2011). Effect of exogenous abscisic acid on psbA expression at grain filling stage in two wheat cultivars under drought stress.Acta Agronomica Sinica, 37(8), 1372–1377.
Zadoks, J. C., Chang, T. T., & Konzak, C. F. (1974). The decimal code for the growth stages of cereals, with Illustrations. Annals of Applied Biology, 110(2), 441 - 454
Zhang, J., Jia, W., Yong, J., & Ismail, A. M. (2006).Role of ABA in integrating plant responses to drought and salt stresses. Field Crop Research, 97(1), 111-119.
Zhiqing, C., Yanping, Y., Qizhuo, T., Guangchang, W., Fanyu, M., Ping W., & Zhenlin, W. (2011). Effects of spraying ABA on bleeding intensity in neck-panicle node, spike traits and grain yields of two different panicle type winter wheat. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 31(4), 1085-1092.
- Article View: 19
- PDF Download: 22